The total area of chickpea is 105.6 lakh hectares resulting to production of 113.8 lakh tons ​​ with a productivity of 1036 kg / ha in India.

Chickpea can be cultivated on a wide range of soil from sandy loam to loam soil. Clay and clayey loam is suitable for cultivation of chickpea in unirrigated and rainfed areas.

DCP 92-3, K.W.R. 108, J.G. 315, J.G. 16, J.G. 730, Pant G.186, Haryana Chana 1, Pusa 372, R.S.G. 888, Phule ji 95311, GNG 1581 and J.G. 74 are wilt varieties of chickpea.

Jawahar Kabuli Chickpea-1, Pusa Kabuli 1003, Chamatkar B.G. 1053, Shubhra, Ujwal and K.A.K. 2 are new varieties of chickpea.

The average productivity (yield) of chickpea was 1036 kg per hectare in India.

  • 20 kg Nitrogen, 40 kg Phosphorus, 20 kg Potash and 20 kg Sulphur are required to get optimum production.
  • In the late sown conditions 40 kg Nitrogen, 40 kg Phosphorus, 20 kg Potash and 20 kg Sulphur are required. Total required fertilizer should be given in the forrows before sowing. 
  • In areas zinc deficient  soil 20 kg Zinc sulphate / may be used.
  • The yield can be enhanced by spraying solution of 2% Urea in the standing crop at the time of pod development or flowering stage.

For management of wilt and root rot diseases in chickpea, seed should be treated with 2 gm Thiram+ 1.0 gm Carbendazim or 3.0 gm Thiram per kg of seed. Seed treatment with Trichoderma @ 5.0-6.0 gm/kg seed is also recommended. For management of termites in light soils, seed treatment with Chlorpyriphos @ 1.0 liter per quintal of seed is recommended. Seed treatment with Rhizobium strains has been recommended for better root nodulation.

One packet of Rhizobium (200 g) is sufficient to treat 10 kg seeds. For seeds treatment, take 100g of jaggary (Gur) or sugar and dissolve it in about 500 ml of water. Boil this solution for few minutes and let it cool down. mix one packet of Rhizobium culture in this solution. stir the solution with the help of stick to ensure proper mixing of Rhizobium culture. Now, pour this mixture in a bucket containing 10 kg chickpea seeds and mix properly so that all the seeds have thin coating of the mixture (solution including Rhizobium culture.) Allow the seeds to dry in shade before sowing. Treated seeds with Rhizobium culture should not be dried in direct sunlight.If possible, seed treatment should be performed during evening and sowing should be done during morning hours..

Sowing time

Rainfed regions     -    Second week of October

irrigated regions    -    First fortnight of November

Seed rate                  

Small seeded varieties      -     80-85 kg / ha

Bold selected varieties      -    60-65 kg / ha

Chickpea may be sown with seed drill or deshi plough in forrows.

Space between rows - 30 cm.

40-45 cm in Irrigated regions.

Space between plants -   8-10 cm.

Spray of pendimethalin 1.00- 1.25 a.i. in 600-800 liters of water is recommended for management of broad leaves weed within 24 hours of sowing. Weeding should be done after 30 to 35 days after sowing if required.

When the chickpea plant attains a height of 20-22 cm. the tips of the branches should be plucked. This practice helps in increasing branches which in turn has positive impact on production of chickpea. Nipping should be done 30-40 days after sowing and should be avoided after 40 days. Nipping should be avoided in rainfed production situations.

Normally chickpea is grown in rainfed conditions but irrigation facilities are available that can be given at podding stage.In irrigation condition first irrigation should be given after 45-60 days of sowing and second, at the time of seed formation in pods. Irrigation should be avoided at the time of flowering.

Vitamin C, vitamin E and iron can be obtained by the intake of sprouted gram which is beneficial for health.

Value addition in chickpea is done:

  1. In the form of chhole
  2. In the form of split gram (Dal)
  3. In the form of Besan
  4. In the form of Snacks and sweets

Seeds of advanced species can be obtained from various research institutes, agricultural universities, seed agencies, block offices etc. like -

  • State Seed Development Corporation's Sales Center
  • Various agricultural universities
  • Indian Pulses Research Institute, Kanpur
  • Agricultural science center
  • National Seed Corporation Sales Center
  • Office of Development Block Officer at Block Level
  • Instrument Co-operative Society